Self-medication: the basics for HSTS

The UK is suffering a backlash against transition and HSTS are affected disproportionately. This assault is being orchestrated by TERFs, so called ‘gender-crits’ and justifies itself using the words of individuals like Oren Amitay and Ken Zucker, while conspicuously ignoring the advice of those like Dr Diane Ehrensaft. As a result, a number of worrying developments have taken place recently which may lead to young trans people not being able to access the hormones and treatments they need. Self-medication, while not ideal, must be considered.

We note also, with concern, that various Government bodies in the UK have been deleting links to advice sites on transsexualism, for example Mermaids. We’ll be putting up these links up here so that people can access them.

Many thanks to Transit UK for their information.

Continue reading “Self-medication: the basics for HSTS”

Children in Transition 1

True or homosexual transsexualism, which is usually known as HSTS, is the product of ‘transgender homosexuality’. In this, the individual experiences anomalies in testosterone delivery while still developing in his or her mother’s womb. In girls, too much will cause masculinisation but in boys, too little will cause feminisation. The effects may be observed in children.

The effects of this depend on the severity of the anomaly and the point in foetal development at which it occurred. For example, in boys, the genitalia develop before the brain structures related to sexuality and gender do. So a boy can be born with normal genitalia and, potentially, a sexuality that is so feminised as to be completely female.

The effects of this may be seen soon after birth, when children will begin to display opposite-sex behaviour and play patterns. These are often called ‘Gender Non Conforming’ or GNC but this is misleading, since they are actually sex non-conforming. These may include toy preferences and role preferences in community play. This can begin to be observed as young as age two and parents should be vigilant. If persistent and consistent ‘GNC’, which I will now refer to as ‘sex non-conforming’ or SNC, is being observed in their child then there may well be an issue.

The effects of the testosterone delivery anomalies cannot be cured or repaired. While their intensity varies, they do not resolve themselves as the child approaches adolescence. In milder cases, the child may, under pressure from parents, peers and professionals,  may outwardly present sex-conforming gender traits. This is not desirable, as it will lead to problems later in life.

In the past, unfortunately, this was usually touted as a great triumph for the parents or professionals who had been trying to achieve exactly this result, that is, to suppress SNC behaviours and replace them with conforming ones. But this has always been a mistake, formed in the erroneous belief that gender is learned. It is not. It is specifically conditioned by sexuality and as we have seen, this is one of the parameters that can be conditioned by in-utero testosterone delivery.

Children are agreeable

Children try very hard to please the adults around them and, as a result may go along with the expressed desires of those adults, especially when they are couched in particularly hostile or menacing terms, such as ‘if you go on like this you’ll never fit in’. Even worse is parental shunning, which is simple child abuse.

This means that whatever the child is going to be, that child is going to be, even if he or she is forced to cover it up. Often, sadly, ill-informed professionals will suggest that life might be easier if the child were to become one of the ‘regular gay folks’ whom these individuals imagine are living perfectly happy, well adjusted lives. The trouble is, they’re not.

If a boy has inverted sexuality, then he has female sexuality. That means he desires to be penetrated but much more than that; it means he wants a strong masculine man to do it — just like any other normal girl. Similarly, a girl with sexual inversion wants a beautiful, feminine young woman to love. Yet in the Anglosphere in particular, conventional ‘gay’ wisdom insists that ‘regular gay folks’ should form bonds with other ‘regular gay folks’. In other words, that highly feminised males with female sexuality should partner others just like them, and vice versa for girls. This is partly the result of a complete failure to understand transgender homosexuality as well as, unfortunately, the activities of misguided ‘gay’ political activists.

But any relationship between two male transgender homosexuals is, by definition, lesbian, when what they want to be is the female partner in a heterosexual, or at least, heterogender, relationship. This is inverted in females.

I was recently contacted by a charming individual, a very masculinised female transgender homosexual, who complained bitterly that, while her parents had accepted her lesbianism, they constantly tried to make her have relationships with other ‘butch lesbians’ and could not understand why she wanted to date highly feminine, conventionally attractive straight girls. This had blighted her life. She sent me pictures of two of her former partners — exactly the kind of girls that a straight man would date: feminine, pretty, stylish, sexy.

The problem, of course was that my correspondent’s parents were typical ‘liberals’ while she herself, like nearly all transgender homosexuals, is conservative. These individuals do not wish to challenge social, sexual or gender norms. They are not seeking to promote the latest politically correct gender fad. They just want to fit into society, in a completely conventional manner, in the gender they feel themselves to be. There’s nothing ‘transgressive’ or ‘politically correct’ about it. They just want to be themselves and they will change everything about themselves so that they can be accepted as such. They have no interest in ‘changing the world’; they just want a social space in it, on their own terms.

Transgender homosexuals are the same as heterosexual people except their sexuality does not match their birth sex. That’s the only difference. In other words, male transgender homosexuals are no more attracted to other such, of the same sex, than any other girl would be, so why would they date them? Same applies to females. Butch lesbians want Suzy Creamcheese, not Bob the Builder.

‘Gay’ lifestyle

Any transgender homosexual who ends up joining the ‘gay’ lifestyle will not be happy, because their sexual targets are not available to them there. There are no genuinely masculine males in that culture; they are all either transgender themselves, narcissistic homosexuals or pederasts. Something similar appears true of females, although there is less evidence of pederasty. There is no hope of finding an appropriate partner for a transgender homosexual in these circles. None.

Gender and sexuality are inextricably linked. It is true that ‘gay’ activists and ‘queer theorists’ deny this, but they are living a lie that they hope others will join them in. If you have male sexuality, then your gender must be masculine, since you wish to attract partners happy to be penetrated by you. If you have female sexuality, then your gender must be feminine, because you seek masculine male partners.  Feminine ‘gay’ males have female sexuality and butch lesbians have male sexuality. Rocket science, this is not.

If the sexuality-gender  link is broken, then the individual will suffer Gender Dysphoria (GD). This is simply transition desire taken to the next level of intensity. It is axiomatic that all transgender homosexuals, who remain sex-conforming, will suffer from GD. The intensity of their discomfort will depend on the precise nature of the discrepancies in testosterone delivery they received in utero — and possibly, the amount of substance abuse they indulge in to suppress it.

This is why ‘gay men’ are so angry

Have you ever wondered why ‘gay men’ are so famously ‘waspish’? Why is Owen Jones so angry all the time? What about Peter Tatchell? Why is it that the ‘happy gays’ are always the most flamboyant, effeminate ones? Because the former are desperately suppressing their natural gender and the latter are, at least partially, accepting it.

For those people whose Sexual Inversion is most powerful, then full transition to the opposite gender is necessary to avoid a life of misery and self-loathing. For boys it is worse, as, within the LGB cult,  they will be preyed on ruthlessly by pederasts whose attraction is to their youthful masculinity — and who will quickly dump them for a younger partner. This horrible, abusive cult is entirely of Western making. It exists nowhere else. No parent in their right mind should desire this for a son, when that son could transition, become a beautiful daughter and find a decent man to love her.

This result is possible; transgender homosexuals and HSTS are a very small number of people, but the numbers of potential partners are increasing rapidly. Over the last ten years, the number of publicly visible MtF HSTS in the West has increased dramatically, but so has the number of straight men prepared to be their partners. In time and with good will, this should stabilise. If men are able to refuse the status of ‘gay’, forced upon them for their heterogender desire for transwomen, then they are far more likely to openly indulge it; the same applies to women partnered with masculine lesbians. These are heterogender, conventional relationships. Nothing ‘gay’ about them.

That this drives a coach and horses through the whole Western concept of ‘gay’ and ‘queer’ identities should concern nobody; these very identities were invented less than 70 years ago, for political expediency and their time has run out.

Parents of children like this need to be pro-active.

We have read much from advocates of status quo, many of whom are little better than transphobes, exalting the wonderful life that can be found inside the gay male lifestyle. It has become a Shibboleth, a sacred cow. One must never criticise the New Gay Man.

Yet the figures do not add up. Almost no ‘gay men’ are in longstanding relationships. Those that last more than one year are exceptional and most last only weeks. Occasionally, it is true, two male transgender homosexuals will form a bond but in this case, it is probable either that one will become more noticeably masculine and the other feminine, or that they very quickly stop having sex. Suicidality is high and life satisfaction low. As they age, many transgender male homosexuals will themselves become pederastic predators, seeking to love the beautiful boys they once were, especially if they were themselves pedicated by an older man around puberty.

Parents need to be aware that much of what they are being told comes from a political viewpoint which insists that conventional Western homosexuality, that is, sex-conforming, is the only form. But that is a flat lie. All over the world, sex-conforming homosexuality is so exceptional as to be practically non-existent. SNC forms are far more prevalent and have been, throughout history. Indeed, the forms seen mainly in the Anglophone West did not exist prior to the 1960s. This is a recent, politically correct model, that is all.

Unfortunately, it survives by luring new recruits in and to the advocates for this lifestyle, like, famously, Jim Fourratt, every HSTS who transitions is meat lost to their grinder.


Parents need to be aware of several things. If you have a child who is exhibiting SNC behaviours, then there is a chance that he or she is transgender homosexual. If these behaviours are presistent, consistent and insistent, in other words, are more than a passing fad, then the likelihood of this is hugely increased.

A transgender homosexual will always be homosexual. The question is only about how he or she appears. You cannot ‘cure’ this form of homosexuality. It is not acquired but instead is innate.

A transgender homosexual will transition if his or her transition desire is stronger than his or her fear of the consequences of transition. Further, they will only transition if they believe they can ‘pass’, that is, be able to live, unremarked, in their desired gender.

In addition, they tend to be extremely agreeable people who can often be easily led. This means that parents must be extremely careful in what they say. It is true that some transgender homosexuals can live in sex-conforming roles, but this is at the cost of a life of Gender Dysphoria. This can lead to self harm and suicide. It certainly will lead to diminished self-worth and almost certainly, to resentment.

Especially for males, transgender homosexuals have a a limited time. If they do not transition by around the age of twenty, they may not be able to at all, since the masculinisation being effected on their bodies by testosterone may make it impossible for them to ‘pass’. Sadly, it appears to be the end of certain commenters, including some claiming to be professionals, to ensure exactly this: that transgender homosexuals are prevented from transitioning until it is too late.

Gendercrit — a vicious alliance

A vicious alliance of feminists and homosexual activists has come together as the ‘gender critical’ or ‘gendercrit’ movement. These are politically motivated individuals. The feminists believe in the tired, long debunked crock that ‘gender is just a social construct’ which, of course, the existence of an innate sense of gender destroys completely. So they are determined to suppress any such evidence and they don’t care how much damage they do. At the same time, the New Gay Man homosexual activists are desperate to acquire fresh meat and the one thing no HSTS will ever do, is be a part of the New Gay Man lifestyle.

These people will use any lie and untruth they can find to oppose transition and will savage parents who assist their children in finding their real selves. Do not trust them.

On the other hand, parents should not be railroaded by political activists on the ‘pro-trans’ side. If your child is not homosexual, the chances of a successful transition diminish massively. Some non-homosexual individuals may transition successfully, especially if they do so in their teens, but most — and this applies especially to females — will struggle.

The reason is that the same anomalies in testosterone delivery that cause the sexual inversion and lead to transgender homosexuality, also affect other areas. Affected males are feminised across a range of parameters and females are masculinised. In other words, they naturally look like the opposite sex. Non-homosexual transition desire is not founded in sexual inversion at all and so the affected individuals do not share these qualities. They are unremarkable men, or unremarkable women and are sex-conforming on all parameters. Transition for these individuals, except for a fortunate few, is a challenge.

Homosexuals and non-homosexuals are different.

For transgender homosexuals, however, transition is the natural and most reasonable thing to do. Parents must not push the ‘gay lifestyle’ on their children, even if they are called ‘homophobic’ for not doing so. After all, how is homophobia worse than transphobia?

For the parents of non-homosexual children the situation is much more complicated.

In the end, the child alone must decide what is best for him or her. It is a parent’s job to listen, to protect and to assist. It is not a parent’s job to decide, but to support.

Sexual Inversion and HSTS: a causative link


Many people have asked for more details about the background to HSTS, homosexual transition desire and the cause of these phenomena. These are legitimate questions. The answer, with a massive amount of supporting evidence and research, appears to be a phenomenon that was discovered over a hundred years ago, called ‘Sexual Inversion’.

Sexual Inversion is the theory that anomalies in sexuality and gender are the result of biological rather than psychological factors. It is well established. There is plenty of evidence to suggest that it is what causes Transgender Homosexuality, which can be either feminine-male or masculine female. This means that it is also the underlying cause of homosexual transition desire, which becomes homosexual Gender Dysphoria in severe cases, and, ultimately, True or Homosexual Transsexualism (HSTS). The striking clustering of physical attributes and behavioural conditions typical of HSTS have always suggested an innate, biological cause and Sexual Inversion is the obvious one. It was identified over a hundred years ago by Karl Ulrichs and expanded on by Havelock Ellis.

Numerous papers have supported this idea and, most recently, Professor Simon Baron-Cohen has extensively studied the phenomenon of hormone delivery issues in utero. While Baron-Cohen’s interest is in other effects of this phenomenon, much of his work, again, supports the Sexual Inversion Theory.

Sexual Inversion is most likely a result of anomalies in testosterone delivery in the womb. This can have numerous effects. The Theory posits that one, where less than optimal amounts is delivered to boy foetuses, results in feminisation across a range of parameters including sexuality, ie boys are same-sex attracted and so cross-gender identified, from childhood and girls the opposite. Sexual Inversion therefore should properly be thought of as an ‘intersex’ condition rather than a ‘trans’ one. It is biological rather than psychological.

Transgender Homosexuals and Sexual Inversion

Transgender Homosexuals are those individuals sufficiently affected by Sexual Inversion for it to have affected their sexuality in obvious ways. This is not always the case; in mild forms, sexuality may not be affected enough to be obvious or even visible.

Some are really on the cusp; they inhabit a somewhat indeterminate gender zone, which in the West is often misidentified as ‘non-binary’. It’s not, it’s just a point on the aetiology between fully feminine and somewhat masculine gender presentation, resulting from incomplete Sexual Inversion and social intolerance of transition. It’s quite common to meet such individuals sometimes as girls and sometimes as boys; one gets used to it and the surprise is often that they can do it so well. But for some, the effect is so strong that they have real difficulty living in the gender normally correspondent to their sex. These are the HSTS, the True transsexuals.

To dig deeper, we need to understand the two basic types of transitioner as defined by Dr Ray Blanchard: Homosexual and Nonhomosexual. Although Blanchard has, to my knowledge, never stated this, it seems clear that his Homosexual category is identical to previous descriptions of those with Sexual Inversion: they are transgender homosexuals. It is, at least, impossible to draw a distinction between the two descriptions. Blanchard also commented on the striking homogeneity of what he called ‘feminine homosexual males’, which again, corresponds exactly to the Sexual Inversion theory.

Blanchard seems to have de facto accepted the logic of Sexual Inversion as the explanation for HSTS, without ever explicitly saying so, certainly in his papers, although perhaps he alluded to it more in lectures. His investigation into nonhomosexual types therefore became something like ‘It’s easy to explain the homosexual type, since they obviously have Sexual Inversion; but how can we explain non-homosexual transition desire, since they clearly do not?’

In Blanchard, ‘homosexuals’ are ‘exclusively attracted to same-sex from childhood’. Nonhomosexual is everyone else. There is no ‘bisexual’ classification. All transitioners — indeed, all of us — are either homosexual or nonhomosexual by this measure. It is an on-off switch. However, this conflicts with what we know of Sexual Inversion.

Bisexuals and Freud

The Western sense of the word ‘bisexual’ was popularised by Freud, who was a convinced nurturist. He remains influential in the US, where he was most popular and where, possibly as a result of the US’ history, the idea of genetic predetermination is regarded with hostility. He believed that everyone was bisexual at birth and it was only conditioning that caused them to be either heterosexual or homosexual. Further, he believed that exclusive homosexualism was caused by childhood traumatisation, possibly sexual in nature. Exclusive heterosexuality, on the other hand, was formed by a normalising process of socialisation. He had no explanation for the clustering of physical characteristics and behavioural traits found in transgender homosexuals at all; that alone should be enough to torpedo him.

Freud was partially correct, nonetheless; there is definitely evidence that traumatic experiences can affect sexuality. A clear example would be Pederastic homosexuality, in which boys subject to this often themselves become pederasts. However, Sexual Inversion is an innate form of homosexuality that was identified before Freud came to prominence. That he did not take it more seriously tells us much about Freud’s approach to science: it was useful only when it agreed with his theories.

Freud’s position was important, not least because it was so influential on subsequent thinking. It fitted with the ‘blank slate’ ideology that had been popularised by Franz Boas and later, Margaret Meade. Their ideas can be seen as the foundation of US academic thinking, at least until the late 1960s and the appearance of the Neo-Marxist cultural movement popularly called ‘Postmodernism’ and championed, in this field, by Michel Foucault.

In Blanchard, HSTS are never bisexual; one is either homosexual or nonhomosexual. But this presents us with a conundrum, if the root cause is Sexual Inversion. This, being a biological phenomenon, must exhibit variation. The effect of variation would mean that it is stronger in some cases than in others. That might mean that, at the least affected end of the aetiology, some people are somewhat ambivalent in their sexuality and appearance: bisexual. This sounds as if it should provoke bisexualism, which somewhat contrasts with the Blanchard position. We need to explain this.

For Freud, all people were born bisexual and environment decided sexuality; in the Sexual Inversion model, most people have normative sexuality, while a subset have an innate inversion of sexuality (and therefore gender) that can be full or partial. These are fundamentally different. An environmental factor, social intolerance, does have a role here, in causing the least affected to remain covert about any non-conforming feelings they might have; but again, this is quite different from suggesting that sexuality itself is formed by environment. Sexual Inversion Theory proves that in fact, sexuality and gender are innate and hard-wired together.

Note that we are here taking ‘male inverted sexuality’ to mean ‘female sexuality’ which is to be penetrated and requires feminine gender, to advertise this to the world. (We are not talking about acquired sexualities like Pederastic homosexuality here.)This likely accounts for the well known failure, in the infamous Money/Reimer case, to condition a natal male, whose penis had been burned off during a ‘routine’ circumcision as a baby, into ‘becoming’ a girl. Absent at least some degree of innate Sexual Inversion, it could not possibly have worked. Once again, the link between sexuality and gender is supported by the evidence.

Feminisation and female sexuality

Across the board, all male Transgender Homosexuals, that is, feminine males, those who have been affected by innate Sexual Inversion, are feminised. They are not the only kind of male homosexual, as I’ve pointed out; there are acquired forms too. However, they are all feminised to some degree, notably in sexuality (ie they want to be penetrated and seek men to do it). But we also know that bisexualism (Western sense) is a common part of female sexuality. Together, these would theoretically open the door to the idea that some MtF HSTS might also exhibit it, since they have inverted, ie female, sexuality.

This would not conflict with Blanchard on Autogynephilia, since his Typology states that ‘all nonhomosexual male gender dysphoria (ie, transition desire) is caused by Autogynephilia’. He places no such definitions on Homosexuals, because their homosexuality and thereby their Sexual Inversion, itself is definitive. However, the on/off nature of his triage can be misleading here and I think we are justified in asserting that apparently bisexual attractions and feelings, in young people with Sexual Inversion, should not be regarded as meaning the individual is not HSTS.

However, note: the above means that a Male-to-Feminine (MtF) HSTS, that is, a fully Sexually Inverted male who had transitioned, who did exhibit this attraction to women would be showing, at least partially, lesbian attraction as a part of her female sexuality. I have encountered cases like this, amongst transsexual sex workers who share apartment, bed and life as partners. But this might be more of a lifestyle accommodation than a real desire. Many poorer people from southeast Asia habitually sleep in common beds and it would be easy to misread this. (Again, it is next to impossible to be sure of the truth of what one is being told about a person’s sexuality, when that person is trying to sell some sex, especially when there is a language barrier.) However, it would contrast with what we see in AGP, where pseudo-bisexualism provokes the desire for sex with men.

If this is so, however, then we can explain HSTS, full homosexuality, partial feminisation (effeminacy) and bisexualism all in terms of Sexual Inversion, for both sexes. Given that we have studies that show that anomalies in testosterone delivery do indeed occur, and the length of time the ideas behind it have been expressed, it is baffling that Sexual Inversion is not fully accepted.

Sexual Inversion and Young People

From the point of view of a person who thinks he or she might be HSTS, understanding the nature of Sexual Inversion, that it is innate and cannot be reversed and that the simplest and kindest solution is to follow it to its natural conclusion, transition, is the lesson to take from this. While many such individuals will be comfortable with hormonal and social transition, for some, full surgical transition is necessary.

Happily, sexuality crystallises with age and by roughly one to two years after puberty, it will be clear whether the characteristics of Sexual Inversion are present in sufficient strength to warrant transition. In most cases, everyone will have been aware what was going on for years, anyway. If the diagnosis is affirmative, therapies preparatory to transition should be implemented, including ‘puberty blockers’ and lifestyle options. These will put the brakes on masculinisation (if male) and help the individual to get used to living fully in the target gender. Full endocrine therapy for MtF can be started around sixteen, although the more drastic and long-lasting effects of testosterone in FtM suggest that this should not begin until legal majority.

Sexually inverted young people and those who care for them, today are bombarded by conflicting advice. An unholy alliance of religious conservatives, feminists and conforming ‘gays’ has come together in the ‘Gender Critical Movement’ which is determined to shut down all transition. This is clearly abusive and is happening for obviously political reasons, with no thought for the individuals concerned. On the other hand, enthusiasts are guilty of encouraging transition at far too early an age and without anything like sufficient rigour. The individual and his or her family and professional helpers must find a way through this minefield.

Marie-Pierre Pruvot ‘Bambi’: an HSTS life

Marie-Pierre Pruvot, (1935- ) whose stage name was Bambi, is a French HSTS transwoman who was born in Algeria.

In many ways, Marie-Pierre’s life is a classic HSTS trajectory. Discovering her cross-sex identification in early childhood, she struggled to cope. Eventually, she dropped out of school before completing her Baccalauriat, the French equivalent of the High School Graduation Certificate or the British ‘A’ Levels, despite being an exemplary student.

She met Coccinelle, perhaps the most famous of French transwomen of the era and, through her, became a cabaret star in her own right. Like Coccinelle and April Ashley, she attended Dr Burou’s surgery in Casablanca for Genital Reconstruction Surgery.

Marie-Pierre continued to star in shows at the Carrousel but recommenced her studies, eventually completing her school education and progressing to the Sorbonne. After taking her Degree and Masters, she took her Teaching Certificate and left show business to work as a teacher in the French state school system.

Marie-Pierre lived two of the lives typical of HSTS: she was an entertainer and also, she ‘woodworked’, vanishing from public view and inventing a new life as a schoolteacher, a job that she enjoyed until her retirement. Her life is an example to all young HSTS: anything is possible for you. Your status as transsexual, in today’s world, need not stand in your way. You many need more courage and fortitude and the determination to succeed than other women, but there are more than enough success stories like Marie-Pierre’s to show it can be done.

Marie-Pierre now lives in retirement in the same Paris suburb she spent so much of her life teaching in.

Below is her personal statement, which I have translated from the original French.

‘My given name was Jean-Pierre Pruvot. I was born on the 11th of November 1935 in the village of Isser, in Grande Kabylie in Algeria. My childhood, although generally happy, was perturbed, since before I can remember, by the conflict between my desire to be a girl, indeed, the certainty that I was and would remain one; and on the other hand, the words of those around me and all the obstacles that reality placed in the way of my internal truth. As time went by I felt the weight of external condemnation which obliged me to constantly mind my ways (in voice, hairstyle, clothing, movements and manners) so as to avoid any scandal, especially after the death of my father, when I was 14, which upset me greatly.

During all the time I was at in secondary school I spent my time in my bedroom reading, (I did well at school) and waiting for a miracle that would make me into the woman that I was. After the third year I went to the High School for boys in Algiers. I suffered greatly from the difficulty of my situation. In the end I could not study any longer. Before leaving school at the age of 16, I discovered that Carrousel, which was on tour, was putting in a show in a nearby casino, with Coccinelle, who had just made her debut in show-business. My departure became certain.

I made my own debut at Madame Arthur’s when I was 18. The police were very strict then and forbade the wearing of women’s clothing. I had to struggle, to keep calm and not give in. In September 1954 I joined Carrousel. I worked and lived with my friend Coccinelle, who did everything to help me. The following year, Coccinelle left on tour and I became the star of the Carrousel show. A year later I went on tour myself.

Coccinelle had discovered estrogen, and also Dr Burou in Casablanca (where he carried out GRS surgeries. Ed.) She had her operation soon after, while I waited two years to do the same. The operation caused a break between me and my boyfriend.

The Carrousel changed its venue and became part of a female revue called Elle et Lui (She and He). There I met a transman who called himself Eric. He became my loyal performance partner. We put on lesbian shows at Elle et Lui, at Carrousel and also on tour.’

At the time Coccinelle got married, I had not yet obtained my legal gender change to feminine. The war in Algeria, followed by its secession from France, put me in a difficult position. I was waiting for the Algerian authorities to send me my new papers. In the end, without much hope, I went to Algiers, where the authorities immediately agreed to the change: Jean-Pierre became Marie-Pierre, born female. This was automatically valid in France, without need for any further legal decision.

While I worked at Carrousel, I went back to studying. I passed my baccalaureat at the age of 33. I then began attending the Sorbonne, where I took my degree in 1972, my Masters in 1973 and my teaching certificate in 1974. The same year I was appointed teacher of literature in Cherbourg. (At that time, teachers in France began their careers in the far north and were promoted southwards. Ed.) This was a great success for me but I was deeply sad to leave Carrousel. After two years I returned to the Paris area, teaching in a secondary school with a very modest reputation, called College Pablo Picasso at Garges-les-Gonesse. I liked it there and I remained for 25 years. I was rewarded with the Palm Academic. At no time during my academic career was my past, or status as a transwoman, ever discovered.

Perhaps, looking back over my life, I did not do all that I could have. I kept away from the great debate about the war in Algeria, which caused so much trouble and was so opposed. It was because the difficulties in my own life occupied my mind completely. As regards the major decisions I made in my personal life, I am confident that I made the right ones, at the right time.


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The future for HSTS

Frequently people ask ‘why are there so many transsexuals, in southeast Asia, for example, or Latin America?’ But this is to ask the question from a minority viewpoint. The real question is ‘why are there so few in the West?’ When we look at the global prevalence of HSTS and its rich history, we see that perhaps the greatest surprise is its almost complete invisibility in the West, at least until recently. It seems likely that in the future, the levels we see elsewhere will become the norm in the West.

There remain, however, many hurdles and we cannot rest. The future remains uncertain and HSTS are children and young adolescents with little voice and we must speak up for them, against the forces that would destroy them, even today.

With the high-profile surgical transition of Coccinelle and later Christine Jurgensen (USA) and April Ashley (UK), it might have been thought that, by the mid-1960s, a veritable HSTS explosion would have taken place. Cross-sex hormones were by then readily available. The first, PreMarIn, had been launched in 1941, and the female contraceptive pill, then containing high dosages of oestrogen, was becoming popular. But this explosion did not happen. It would not be for another 50 years that HSTS prevalence in the West would begin to rise to levels comparable to those found elsewhere and even now, at time of writing, it is far lower than in say, southeast Asia.

We still don’t know why this is.

The Future

Until about five years ago I thought the future was rosy indeed for transsexuals the world over, but most of all in the West. Now I’m less sanguine.

We had arrived at a point where medical and psychiatric professionals and other carers were becoming aware of the reality of transition, even if they didn’t fully understand the reasons for it. Remember that as late as 2010, some doctors in the US were still prescribing massive doses of testosterone to ‘cure’ transsexualism. This tone, of ‘curing’ a disorder, was manifest through paper after paper published in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

Then, a breakthrough seemed to have occurred; now we were to listen to the young people involved and do what they wanted. This appeared to be progress. We had the case of Kim Petras, a young German HSTS, who had her surgery at 16 and is now living a successful life as a woman. There were many others.

Kim Petras

We were naive; a backlash was inevitable. In the West, the narrative had been comprehensively hijacked, not by pretty, smart girls like Petras, but by old men in dresses like Bruce ‘Caitlyn’ Jenner. Nobody seemed to recognise — or be prepared to say — that these were autogynephilic transvestites, fetishistic crossdressing men, who had no relationship whatsoever to True Transsexuals.

To be transsexual, two conditions must apply: you must be same-sex oriented from childhood — that is, homosexual with regard to birth sex; and cross-sex identified. These parameters must be exclusive. You can’t be a bisexual transsexual — but you can certainly be a pseudo-bisexual transvestite. That in itself is not a problem, but when the latter claim the identity of real transsexuals, the ones they harm are those transsexuals.


We have recently seen a huge increase in the number of referrals to gender clinics. In the UK this has been of the order of more than 4000%, over eight years.

As society becomes less intolerant, especially the Anglo-Saxon culture with its relentless hostility towards male femininity and public acceptance of sex while assiduously pursuing clandestine pederasty, (the British way), then we should indeed expect to see many more HSTS come forward. Why would they endure a miserable life as ‘gay men’ when modern techniques can allow them to live complete lives as women?

There is a problem. Historically, there have been at least twice as many Male-to-Feminine (MtF) transitions as Female-to-Masculine (FtM). The new figures more than invert this, with the overwhelming majority being FtM. Further, Homosexual Gender Dysphoria, the clinical cause of HSTS, in its most observed form, sets on in childhood and will be indicated for years both before and after puberty. There is nothing rapid about its appearance.

The forms of Gender Dysphoria

The non-homosexual forms of Gender Dysphoria can appear almost overnight. There is, simply, no similarity between homosexual and non-homosexual Gender Dysphoria, except that both make the subject desire to transition.

The homosexual form is a natural progression of an innate sexuality in which an individual is attracted to members of the same sex and identifies as a member of the opposite one. Universally, they desire to play the opposite-sex role in sexual relationships; that is, males to be penetrated and females to penetrate.

Non-homosexual Gender Dysphoria in males is caused by a condition called Autogynephilia. This is a narcissistic personality disorder that caused the individual to fetishise the idea of himself as a woman. While the female form is less well understood, it is clear that it shares many similarities. It is non-homosexual; it evinces weak self-ideation, of not knowing whom one really is; it sets on rapidly, perhaps almost overnight, with no warning; and, perhaps most worryingly of all, and especially in the female form, it can vanish just as quickly.

This phenomenon has been called ‘Rapid Onset Gender Dysphoria’ or ROGD, which is plausible. The rapidity of its onset, however, it shares with the male form, so perhaps we should just call it ‘female non-homosexual Gender Dyphoria’ although that would yield a less pleasing acronym.

Social contagion

The evidence is that the majority of this uptick in FtM transition, which is occurring in adolescence and early adulthood, is the result of a social contagion. That contagion, in my opinion, is a feminist cult that has taught young girls to believe that ‘gender is a construct invented by men to suppress women’ and that it can therefore, simply be changed. But this is a lie; gender is a function of sexuality and, while that does crystallise over childhood, very soon after puberty, it is fixed. Gender is not a construct; it is the primary interface that humans use to relate to other humans. It cannot be dispensed with or changed.

Today, HSTS, always the most innocent and vulnerable in society, face being used as pawns by unscrupulous people who have no interest in them, but in promoting their own political agenda. These include gender-conforming homosexual males, feminists and others. They call themselves the ‘gender-crits’.

A balance has to be struck between protecting the interests of genuinely HSTS children and those of young women who have been hopelessly confused by a sociophagic political cult. HSTS, especially males, need to transition in their teens, in order to maximise their chances of living full lives as women. People with non-homosexual Gender Dysphoria, especially women, should not transition at all.

If these latter are adults, then it is their choice. But neither they, nor the unholy alliance of ‘gender-crits’ have the right to interfere in other people’s lives or to deny them the opportunity to lives as they want to.

We must protect the innocent and that means standing up to gender-crit bullies and insisting that, while non-homosexual transition is indeed questionable, homosexual transsexualism is well-understood. We know what it is, we can identify it and we must support the young people who have it.

It’s not all doom and gloom

Despite the activities of the gender-crits, for whom I have little time, and the concerns of parents, for whom I have the deepest sympathy, I cannot see the clock turning back.

I am lucky enough to observe the development of trans people in Asia. There are no gatekeepers here. Instead there is a support network that sustains young people and passes to them the wisdom of older ones. A young HSTS’ future is explained to him or her by others who have walked the same path.

An equivalent network now exists in the West, through social media and the Internet. This site is a part of that. Through it, young HSTS can find out what and who they really are and learn how to protect themselves from reactionaries. They can protect their future.

I do not believe that the gender-crits will succeed in their aim of denying all transition therapy to young people, but we must remain vigilant and challenge them at every turn. We must reassure parents of boys that it must be preferable for them to have a happy daughter than a miserable ‘gay’ son, and the opposite for girls. We must show them the HSTS success stories. We must show them that their children can have a future, as HSTS.

At the same time, we now have a body of experience, developed amongst HSTS, that would allow them to circumvent the medical profession in order to get the treatment they need. Nobody wants to see them do that, least of all medical professionals, so we must hope that in the future common sense will prevail and young HSTS will be helped, not hindered.

I believe it will.

Europe: France and Germany in the 20th century

In some parts of Europe, things became less grim during the 19th and 20th centuries. Homosexuality was generally accepted and transsexualism  tolerated.


In Germany, up to the time the Nazis took over in 1933, the authorities were  prepared to give out special ID cards to trans people. These did not change their birth sex attribution or name, but did form an official recognition of the fact that they habitually appeared to be of the opposite sex, through clothing and make-up. This protected them to some extent from police harassment. The sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, whose practice was in Berlin, was prepared to give letters of support. Hirschfeld was later involved in the celebrated case of Lilli Elbe, before moving to the USA to flee the Nazis.

The Weimar Republic

The Weimar Republic was the unofficial name given to the State of Germany from 1919 to 1930. It was characterised by a catastrophic divide in society between conservatives and reformers. Until the Great Depression took hold, however and despite the great hardship that war reparations caused Germans, the reformers had the upper hand.

Germany experienced its own “Roaring Twenties” until they were cut short by the Great Depression. Cities burgeoned with new arrivals from the countryside in search of jobs, setting the stage for a vibrant urban life. Urban centers like Berlin became some of the most socially liberal places in Europe, much to the chagrin of conservative elites. Berlin had a thriving nightlife full of bars and cabarets. There were between 65 and 80 gay bars and 50 lesbian bars in the capital alone. Sexual liberation was a very real phenomenon, complete with a gay and lesbian rights movement led by Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld who ran an Institute for Sexual Science.1

Increasing poverty, runaway inflation and social unrest — much of it engineered — however, brought Hitler and the Nazis to power and swept away the age of social freedom. Thousands of Germans fled to other countries to escape, in justifiable fear for their lives. A bright light of toleration of transsexuals was snuffed out.


Pre-war Paris had long been a haven for homosexuals and transsexuals. The French had abolished their anti-homosexuality laws in 1789 and Paris in particular had become a hot-spot, though never with the stridency that Weimar Berlin displayed. As in Berlin, a generation of young people deserted the countryside and its poverty for the bright lights of the cities, there to explore, amongst other things, their own sexualities.

Religion in Europe

The principal religion of both Germany and France was Catholicism. This, while maintaining its injunction against any form of homosexuality from the pulpit, has been less harsh in its punishments in real life.  Across the Catholic world can be seen, in real terms, a moderation of hostility towards transsexuals in particular. In the Philippines, for example, demonstrably one of the most devoutly Catholic countries in the world, with over 90% adherence. Yet here, transsexuals have been openly able to go about their lives without let or hindrance, for hundreds of years. They are no less prominent there than in Thailand, say, with its generally tolerant Buddhist culture.

This contrasts radically with the religious temper of the Anglo-Saxon world, which was exported to the USA. The Anglican Church was for centuries a relentless persecutor of any form of homosexuality and in this regard was one of the most vicious European churches, with only Dutch Lutherans being more dedicated to harming the innocent.

It seems likely that this in some part at least explains why the great European cities of Berlin, Paris, Naples, Rome, Barcelona and Madrid became the homes to so many transsexuals, as remains the case today. Until only 60 years ago, being a homosexual of any type in London was a dangerous life that could get you beaten up or killed. The great cities of continental Europe, especially the southern ones, remain essentially trans-friendly with very little hostility being visible — except, and then only occasionally, from British or US tourists.

Les Amies de Place Blanche

After the war, in the 1950s, Paris became the home of a community of transsexuals living on and around the Place Blanche. Many of them worked in cabaret, others in the sex business. They were photographed, in one of the most remarkable collections of photojournalism, by the Swedish photographer Christer Stromhölm over ten years up to the late 1960s. Some of these went on to have GRS and two actually attended Stromhölm’s funeral 40 years later, testifying to the bond he had built up with them.


One of the best-known French transsexuals, who was one of the mothers of modern Western transsexualism, was Jacqueline Charlotte ‘Coccinelle’ Dufresnoy (1931-2006). While still a teenager, the young Coccinelle began performing in a Paris cabaret that specialised in female impersonators. Unlike the other stars, however, Coccinelle lived full time as a woman. After a chance meeting with Marie-André Schwindenhammer (1909-81), Coccinelle was introduced to the use of hormones by the older transwoman. Some time later, on tour in Nice, she met a younger transwoman, who later told her about Dr Georges Burou, who ran a maternity clinic in Casablanca. He also performed GRS, since the French legal ban on castration did not apply in Morocco. Coccinelle had her surgery there in 1958.

HSTS in the United Kingdom: A British affair

One of the great paradoxes is that, while the British exported their repressive and phobic attitudes to the United States, the influence of other cultures there meant that transsexualism was far more prevalent there than in the United Kingdom. This was not the case in the UK, where, until the 20th century, the population was remarkably homogeneous — and that meant, intolerant.

Up until the last quarter of the 20th century, all forms of male femininity were reviled in Britain and homosexual men were in constant danger of abuse and worse, violence. It was an era when hormone therapy to arrest masculinisation was unavailable and in any case, a visit to the doctor was unlikely to be any help. It was usual for adult men who confessed to being sexually receptive to be diagnosed insane and locked up; Alan Turing, the computing genius without whom you would not be reading this, was criminalised, chemically castrated, ostracised and eventually committed suicide — for being homosexual. If they were caught in the act of sex, then prison awaited them for the crime of ‘buggery’. This law was not repealed until 1967.

Homosexuality in Britain at the time had a distinctive character, partly because of the class-based nature of the society and partly because of the extreme hostility to male femininity, which impacted so heavily on HSTS.

‘Public Schools’ — Academies of pederasty

Sexual relations between males were institutionalised in the so-called ‘Public Schools’ — actually private, fee-paying boarding schools — where the elite sent their young to be educated. Boys in Preparatory school would be introduced to their sexual duties by the school masters. When they got to the Boarding School proper, they would become the catamites of the senior boys.

It is often forgotten that the epithet ‘fag’ and its familiar diminutive ‘faggot’ was originally the term applied to a junior boy whose duty it was to ‘do for’ a senior one — running errands, copying lessons, keeping the senior boy’s space tidy and, of course, providing him with sexual services!

Once the junior boy became a senior himself, he was expected to take a junior catamite in his turn. Failure to do so might lead to suspicions about his sexuality and that he was a ‘poof’, that is, someone who so enjoyed being penetrated that he wished to continue.

This illustrates another point which we’ll discuss in another piece: these pederastic sexual arrangements were often regarded, by those within them, as heterosexual. These schools were seats of Classical Education and the boys — there were few similar girls’ schools — were inculcated daily in the literature and ideas of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. It is no wonder at all that they adopted many of their sexual practices too.

The principle that men penetrate

One of these is the principle that ‘men penetrate’. In this, being the penetrator indicates that one has become a man, while being penetrated indicates that one is not a man. In the Public School system, as in the erastes/erominos system of Greece, the noy is not considered a man. This makes his penetration by a man without shame and, as he matures and masculinises, his taking of a younger catamite as his receptive sexual partner is proof that he has indeed become a man.

In the broader society, upper-class males would have sexual relationships with young working men. These males had almost all gone through the Public School system. The class-based nature of this form was that the ‘girls’ — that is the receptive homosexual males — were always either peri-pubertal boys or working-class young men. It would have been completely unacceptable for a man in such a relationship to allow himself to be penetrated, since that would have meant a lower-class male penetrating an upper-class one. Which would never do.

Even cross-dressing was a crime

Mack Freedman, with regard to the UK in the early 20th century, notes:

…the situation in Britain … meant sticking with one’s biological gender…Transgender people, in fact, were arrested simply for cross-dressing, charged with male prostitution, and often convicted on conjecture. This fit into the subliminal mores of fin de siècle Britain, which punished biological males presumed to be “inverts,” people who acted effeminate or otherwise eschewed their biological gender role.i

In other words, feminine behaviour on the part of men was actively persecuted in Britain, conforming to the then extremely phobic attitude of the Anglican Church, which was dominant. This led to  transwomen hiding by appearing to be gender conforming, at least in public. It is certainly the case that many homosexual males in Britain then, who would  likely transition today, were unable to do so for fear of violence, in earlier times. Indeed, many appear not to have so suppressed their own natures that they did not recognise themselves for what they were. One can only imagine the torment such a soul must have suffered.

The English author Quentin Crisp wrote several remarkable books about the life of a highly feminine homosexual male in England. Late in life he said that, after a life of perplexity, he at last knew what he really was — a transsexual. Sadly, he went to his grave without being able to live the life he perhaps should have, as a woman. His words are a damning testament to the cruelty and intolerance of the culture he grew up in.

April Ashley

Britain, up until the 1960s, was not at all a fertile ground for transsexualism. When April Ashley, a post-operative transwoman, made herself and her status famous during her divorce proceedings, the entire nation was shocked. People spoke in hushed whispers about such a thing; they told their children to cover their eyes for fear of seeing the news reports and turned off their radios.

I am not joking; I witnessed this myself — and, of course, it thoroughly fascinated me!

Caroline Cossey

The next high-profile British transwoman to appear was Caroline ‘Tula’ Cossey. Cossey was actually intersex, born with Klinefelter’s Syndrome (XXY). She had been raised as a male, which was normal then, and had had her penis surgically reshaped to better resemble an ordinary male’s.

Cossey eventually gave up trying to be a boy and became a girl instead; and not only that, a high-profile model and minor film star. While it’s certain that the massive homophobic and transphobic prejudice of the UK at that time prevented her from reaching her full career potential, she was and remains a major icon for British HSTS and intersex people.

While this did lead to a thawing of the ice as far as transsexualism was concerned, Britain was extremely repressive. Those young HSTS who were lucky enough to have supportive parents and who were referred in time to the right clinicians, were able to have corrective hormone and surgical therapies that would allow them to transition; but most did not have this opportunity.


For those who did succeed in making an inadequate and unsympathetic system work for them, the standard route was ‘woodworking’.  As soon as the girl began to live as a woman, she would cut off all ties with her former life. She would change her name, move home, get a new job. Typically she would maintain links only with her mother, who would be sworn to secrecy.

Her aim would be the same as any other girl’s: to find a nice man, settle down and to build a life.


Although the general position appears to have improved in the UK, HSTS there still tend to be covert. They avoid ‘LGB’ organisations, recognising that they are not themselves part of that group; they are, once transitioned, heterosexual women and they have no desire to be ‘outed’ for being something they could never have felt comfortable being. At the same time, the image that the public has of transwomen is that of autogynephilic, non-homosexual males, also known as AGPs.

These bear no relationship whatsoever to HSTS transwomen yet persist in claiming association with them. HSTS have no desire to be claimed by them and avoid being so. Quite apart from misleading the public about what a transsexual really is, AGPs are notorious sexual predators who will pursue HSTS as sexual partners — something HSTS invariably reject.

As well as by sexual predation, non-homosexual Western autogynephilic transvestites harm HSTS by erasure. Where the abuse of HSTS might previously have been due to a hyper-masculinised social ideal, fed through a culture of pederasty amongst Britain’s ruling classes, it is now non-homosexual AGPs who wear the boot.

It might be some time before genuine HSTS transwomen are able to counter this.

North America into the 20th Century

Across white North America, mores established elsewhere in Anglo-Saxon culture were strictly applied. These generally prohibited any expression of homosexuality or male femininity and, indeed, often punished it. That did not, however, mean it was eradicated; it just went underground.

In Male Sex Work from Ancient Times to the Near Present, Mack Freedman discusses the situation in the USA in the late 19th century:

‘at the Golden Rule Pleasure Club on West Third Street, (New York)… one was “buzzed” into a room with a table, two chairs, and a young man dressed as, and identifying as, a woman.’

This rise of trans sex work in the USA was noted in an 1894 medical report also cited by Freedman:

In many large cities the subjects of contrary sexual impulse form a class by themselves and are recognized by the police . . . They adopt the names of women, and affect a feminine speech and manner, “falling in love” with each other, and writing amatory and obscene letters. In New York City alone there are no less than one hundred of these, who make a profession of male prostitution, soliciting upon the streets and in parks when they get the opportunity.

Clearly, there were vibrant and active transsexual communities within North American cities prior to the ascendancy of modern ‘LGB’ thinking with its focus on conformity to  ‘gender norms’ and rejection of male femininity.

During the Weimar Republic in Germany, transsexuals and homosexuals were centre-stage; they were the glamorous pinnacle of a culture that delighted in sex and sexuality. After Adolf Hitler rose to power, these individuals were persecuted and the clubs and bars they frequented were closed.

Many Germans at this time fled to the the United States and amongst them were unknown numbers of transsexuals, homosexual cross-dressers and drag queens. Although US commitment to the Allied cause in WW2 caused a hiatus in which all attention was fixed overseas, it is a reasonable assumption that many of these carried on much as they had before, in their adopted home.

Marcel Duchamp as Rrose Selavy

The celebrated French artist Marcel Duchamp, after arriving in the USA, maintained a second character called Rrose Selavy.  Duchamp was certainly not alone, although he was the most high-profile. There is no doubt that Duchamp lived his life as a work of performance art and his female character was a part of that.

It is not clear what Duchamp’s sexuality actually was. In this as in all of his private life, he was intensely secretive. A number of theories have been put forward 2 but we shall never know for sure.

The story of HSTS in North America is characterised as much by what was hidden as by what was revealed.

Lesbians and transmen

Writer Gertrude Stein

While the situation regarding transwomen was at least somewhat documented, lesbians and transmen were rather ignored. However,  prominent gender-non-conforming  (GNC) lesbian women like the celebrated writer Gertrude Stein (above) clearly shows that the GNC tradition of lesbian culture was strongly developed in the earlier 20th century.

Native and Hispanic influences

Two Spirit people and related  homosexual and transsexual expressions had long been part of Native American culture but these were largely destroyed by the colonists. Within Anglo-Saxon culture the predominant form of homosexuality was clandestine pederasty.

This did not lack the class element typical of Anglo-Saxon culture and, while this was not exclusively the case, tended to devolve to upper and middle-class men seeking sex with adolescent boys. This was effectively ignored in the culture, with a few high-profile exceptions such as the case of Oscar Wilde. The playwright had insisted on seducing the teenage son of a Lord of the Realm; this was a gross breach of English sensibilities, aggravated because he was Irish. In general, gentlemen were able to seduce boys without censure.

The United States, while founded on Anglo-Saxon ideals, was never a purely Anglo-Saxon nation. Especially after the end of the Civil War in 1865, huge levels of immigration, especially from other areas of Europe, brought very different mores. In many southern European cultures, transsexualism was well established as a natural expression of male homosexuality and immigrants from these areas brought their laissez-faire attitudes with them.

At the same time, the US had significant so-called Hispanic populations, which had taken on the mores both of Native American cultures (which they largely were) and those of their own colonisers, who were mainly Spanish.  This meant that within the geographical borders of the United States there were significant populations wherein homosexuality and transsexualism were commonplace; that they were disregarded by the mainstream culture has more to do with that mainstream culture than the others.

Today, increased levels of immigration from Spanish-speaking Latin America has introduced an infusion of new transsexual blood to the cultural milieu. While these cultures can be extremely macho they are also traditional ‘two-group’ cultures in which women have great power as mothers and grandmothers. No man from one of them will disrespect his mother nor flaunt her wishes.

As we discuss elsewhere, within these traditional ‘two group’ societies, there is a social space for feminine homosexual boys, especially if they are beautiful. This individuals themselves are constantly at risk from insecure men, but they are nevertheless there and supported within the culture.

When we look at the United States, we are looking at an incredibly complex cultural multiverse within which ideas and mores seep from one culture into the other.


Similarly, in Canada, there are influences from the Native American traditions, which were generally sympathetic to homosexuality and transsexualism, but these are added to by the powerful French tradition — which is largely ignored by Anglophone commenters, because they do not speak French.

France, especially southern France, has always been far more tolerant of homosexuality and transsexualism than Anglo-Saxon culture, being much closer in nature to Spain and Italy, its Mediterranean neighbours. This has given Francophone Canadian culture a very different flavour, in sexual terms, from its other ones.

Considering the different cultural forces at work across North America today, it is clear that the dominant white Anglo-Saxon culture has been eroded and that other cultures have begun to assert their authority — and their appeal.

Nowhere is this more evident than in the development of the modern ‘LGBTQ’ movement. This is a white, Anglo-Saxon understanding. In terms of male homosexuality, it rejects male femininity and all forms of transsexualism. For the half-century between 1960 and 2010, roughly, this was absolutely the dominant male homosexual expression, simply because it was Anglo-Saxon.

Sylvia Rae Rivera

Over the last decade, this has radically changed. The contribution of transsexuals like Sylvia Rae Rivera, who comes from a Hispanic tradition, is once more being recognised.  Rivera is only one of many and the ability of accommodationist white homosexual men to set the sexual agenda for the USA is rapidly reducing. On the one hand, they are confronted by a resurgent, conservative Anglo-Saxon culture and on the other by cultures in which feminine boys are expected to be girls — and are happier being so.


20th to 21st

The triumph — albeit partial and apparently not permanent — of accommodationist homosexual thinking was always an intellectual overlay, much more realised in the writings of academics than in the day-to-day lives of homosexuals and transsexuals. As the 20th century transitioned into the 21st, a huge resurgence of HSTS and GNC homosexual identities, both in males and females, began to make itself known.

Pic: Mark Seliger